トラジャ(スラウェシ島) | Toraja (South Sulawesi)

Test for 3d rendering of Traja Granary

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Tongkonanの平面


KETEKESU 1991
Toraja
Toraja
↑1991年        ↓2005年
Toraja
Toraja
心柱 ariri posiSaliSumbung の境界にある床梁中央にある。
Toraja
Toraja

PALAWA 1991/1993
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
突き出した屋根を支える棟持柱 tulak somba'。象徴的な柱だが構造にはあまり関係せず
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
儀式のおこなわれる印
Toraja
Toraja

SADAN 1991/1993
Toraja
↑1991年        ↓2005年
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
家屋正面に追加されたテラス Eppang
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
家屋中央の Sali は調理と食事の場
Toraja
家屋背面にある夫婦の寝所 Sumbung への入口
Toraja
東側の壁際に炉 dapo'
Toraja
棟木 manete を支える屋内の棟持柱 petuo
Toraja
4本のpetuo は床桁 pata' にのる
Toraja
伝統家屋を現代的生活に適応させるのは難しい。2005年の Sumbung
Toraja
2013年にはもはや使われなくなっていた

NANGGALA 1991
Toraja
Toraja

BORI 1991
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
simbuang batu

SANGGALA 1991
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja
Toraja



TAMPANGALLO 1991
Toraja
LEMO 1991
Toraja
Toraja
SUAYA 1991
Toraja
Toraja
LONDA 1991
Toraja
TONDON 1991
Toraja
KAMBIRA 2005
Toraja
In Kambira, we can visit baby grave on a big tree. This baby grave is called passiliran. If a baby was died before it had teeth, the baby was considered as pure. It will be burried in a hole on Tarra tree, symbolizing the mother womb. The tree has plenty of sap, symbolizing the mother milk. The hole is then covered by ijuk, palm fiber from the sugar palm tree.

Toraja
Tonga, Desa Tikunnamaleong, Kec.Sanggalangi, Kab.Tanah Toraja 1993

Kaudern, (in Sulawesi from 1917-1920)...classified the people of the highlands into four main groups: Paloe Toradja, Koro Toradja, Poso Toradja, and the Saadang (Sa'dan) Toradja. Scholarly arguments notwithstanding, the Sa'dan label never took hold. The Sa'dan peoples were administratively classed as Toraja. This is the label which has been accepted and has become an identity for the people of that district. Meanwhile the central highlands have been divided into fourteen other official ethnicities [Jaida n'ha Sandra 1998]
Explorations

トラジャ族: 「トラジャ」という単語は、ブギス族の言語で「高地の人々」を意味する「ト・リアジャ」(to riaja)を元にしており、オランダ領東インド政府が1909年にこの民族を「トラジャ」と名づけたことが由来となっている。
Wikipedia

Tongkonan: In the original Toraja society, only nobles had the right to build tongkonan. Commoners live in smaller and less decorated homes called banua.... Tongkonan according to its literal translation, is the place 'to sit' and it is the traditional centre of governance.
Wikipedia


Toraja-Sa’dan 500,000 (1990 UBS). Alternate names: Sa’dan, Sa’dansche, Sadan, Sadang, South Toraja, Ta’e, Tae’, Toradja, Toraja. Dialects: Makale (Tallulembangna), Rantepao (Kesu’), Toraja Barat (West Toraja, Mappa-Pana). Rantepao is prestige dialect.
Ethnologue

Tae’ 250,000 (1992 SIL), increasing. Alternate names: East Toraja, Luwu, Rongkong, Rongkong Kanandede, Sada, Sangangalla’, Tae’ Tae’, Taeq, To Rongkong, Toraja Timur, Toware. Dialects: Rongkong, Northeast Luwu, South Luwu, Bua, Toala’, Palili’. Lexical similarity: 92% among dialects, over 86% with the northern dialects, 80% with Toraja-Sa’dan.
Ethnologue

Mamasa 100,000 (1991 SIL). Dialects: Northern Mamasa, Central Mamasa, Pattae’ (Southern Mamasa, Patta’ Binuang, Binuang, Tae’, Binuang-Paki-Batetanga-Anteapi). Lexical similarity: 78% with Toraja-Sa’dan [ska].
Ethnologue

Toala’ 30,000 (1983 SIL). Alternate names: East Toraja, Luwu’, Sada, Sangangalla’, Toala, Toala-Palili, Toraja Timur, Toware. Dialects: Toala’, Palili’. Probably at least 4 dialects. Lexical similarity: 74% with Toraja-Sa’dan [sda].
Ethnologue

Kalumpang 12,000 (1991 SIL). Alternate names: Galumpang, Ma’ki, Maki, Makki, Mangki, Mangkir. Dialects: Karataun, Mablei, Mangki (E’da), Bone Hau (Ta’da). Lexical similarity: 78% with Mamasa [mqj], 78% with Tae’ [rob], 74% with Toraja-Sa’dan [sda].
Ethnologue


PHOTOS OF TORAJA COMMUNITIES

TORAJA TREASURES.COM

Hoangha
ドンソン文化の銅鼓に描かれた船形家屋 ホアンハ鼓
石寨山
石寨山の貯貝器上につくりだされた船形家屋
Borobudur
ボロブドゥール隠された基壇にえがかれた高倉 8C


▽Sulawesi島Sa'dan Toraja族
▽穀倉 Alang の屋根葺き
▽場所:国立民族学博物館
▽期間:1996年1月16-23日
▽撮影:エスパ



banga / wanga : 成長が早く、高さ30メートル以上に達する。葉柄が剛毛の棘で覆われているのが特徴。幹は重く堅く、トラジャでは丸太のまま(年月が経つと樹心の澱粉質が抜けて中空になる)穀倉 alang の柱にもちいる。[Pigafetta elata]




©minpaku digital archives : 3D drawing of MAYA by Takayuki Sui @ espa
TORAJA GRANARY "Alang"
Kalimbuang Bori', Desa Bori' Parinding, Kec. Sesean, Kab. Toraja Utara, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
©minpaku digital archives : 3D drawing of MAYA by Takayuki Sui @ espa
©minpaku digital archives : 3D drawing of MAYA by Takayuki Sui @ espa
TORAJA HOUSE "Tongkonan"
Sa'dan Sangkombong, Desa Sa’dan Malimbong, Kec. Sa'dan, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
©minpaku digital archives : 3D drawing of MAYA by Takayuki Sui @ espa

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